WHAT IS TOE NAIL FUNGUS? "Nail fungus is a common condition that begins as a white or yellow
spot under the tip of your fingernail or toenail. As the fungal
infection goes deeper, nail fungus may cause your nail to discolor,
thicken and crumble at the edge. It can affect several nails. If your condition is mild and not bothering you, you may not need
treatment. If your nail fungus is painful and has caused thickened
nails, self-care steps and medications may help. But even if treatment
is successful, nail fungus often comes back. Nail fungus is also called onychomycosis (on-ih-koh-my-KOH-sis). When
fungus infects the areas between your toes and the skin of your feet,
it's called athlete's foot (tinea pedis). (1) Full Details and Sources: . (1) https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/nail-fungus/symptoms-causes/syc-20353294 .
NAIL FUNGUS SYMPTOMS. You may have nail fungus if one or more of your nails are:
Thickened Whitish to yellow-brown discoloration, Brittle, crumbly or ragged, Distorted in shape, A dark color, caused by debris building up under your nail, Smelling slightly foul.
Nail fungus can affect fingernails, but it's more common in toenails. (1) Full Details and Sources: . (1) https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/nail-fungus/symptoms-causes/syc-20353294 .
TOENAIL and FINGER NAIL FUNGUS TREATMENT. Fungal nail infections can be difficult to treat. Talk with your
doctor if self-care strategies and over-the-counter (nonprescription)
products haven't helped. Treatment depends on the severity of your
condition and the type of fungus causing it. It can take months to see
results. And even if your nail condition improves, repeat infections are
MedicationsYour doctor may prescribe antifungal
drugs that you take orally or apply to the nail. In some situations, it
helps to combine oral and topical antifungal therapies.
Oral antifungal drugs. These drugs are often the
first choice because they clear the infection more quickly than do
topical drugs. Options include terbinafine (Lamisil) and itraconazole
(Sporanox). These drugs help a new nail grow free of infection, slowly
replacing the infected part.
You typically take this type of drug for six to 12 weeks. But you
won't see the end result of treatment until the nail grows back
completely. It may take four months or longer to eliminate an infection.
Treatment success rates with these drugs appear to be lower in adults
over age 65.
Oral antifungal drugs may cause side effects ranging from skin
rash to liver damage. You may need occasional blood tests to check on
how you're doing with these types of drugs. Doctors may not recommend
them for people with liver disease or congestive heart failure or those
taking certain medications.
Medicated nail polish. Your doctor may
prescribe an antifungal nail polish called ciclopirox (Penlac). You
paint it on your infected nails and surrounding skin once a day. After
seven days, you wipe the piled-on layers clean with alcohol and begin
fresh applications. You may need to use this type of nail polish daily
for almost a year.
Medicated nail cream. Your doctor may prescribe
an antifungal cream, which you rub into your infected nails after
soaking. These creams may work better if you first thin the nails. This
helps the medication get through the hard nail surface to the underlying
To thin nails, you apply a nonprescription lotion containing
urea. Or your doctor may thin the surface of the nail (debride) with a
file or other tool.
Surgery. Your doctor might suggest temporary
removal of the nail so that he or she can apply the antifungal drug
directly to the infection under the nail.
Some fungal nail infections don't respond to medicines. Your doctor
might suggest permanent nail removal if the infection is severe or
extremely painful. (1). Full Details and Sources: . (1) https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/nail-fungus/symptoms-causes/syc-20353294 .